Medical Devices

What is Hepatitis? Symptoms & Types [Hepatitis]

What is Hepatitis

In case you're similar to many people, you presumably don't really think about your liver. Be that as it may, it's a truly fundamental organ, vigorously breaking down fats, scouring your blood of liquor and other toxins, recycling blood cells, and more. What's more, one liver condition specifically is a significant concern - Hepatitis!

Did you know that globally 300 million people are living with viral Hepatitis unaware and hepatitis has caused 1.34 million deaths? It shows that the vast majority of these individuals need access to life-saving testing and treatment. As a consequence, millions of people are at peril of a slow progression to chronic liver disease, cancer, and death.

What is Hepatitis? Different Types of Hepatitis

Hepatitis affects more than 300 million people globally but what exactly is hepatitis? It involves inflammation of the liver that can lead to a range of health problems and can be lethal. The ABC’s of Hepatitis; there are five main strains of this virus which are referred to as types A, B, C, D, and E. While they all cause damage to the liver, the severity, geographical distribution, mode of transmission, and characteristics may vary.

Hepatitis A is normally an acute, transient disease, while hepatitis B, C, and D are most likely to become continuous and long-standing. Hepatitis E is usually intense, however, can be especially threatening in pregnant women.  Specifically, types B and C lead to prolonged illness in hundreds of millions of individuals and, collectively, are the most common cause of liver cirrhosis (where the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage), cancer and viral hepatitis-related deaths.

Although overall mortality rate from hepatitis is soaring, new infections of HBV are declining, due to improved coverage of vaccination among children. Some types of Hepatitis are preventable through vaccination. In several cases, mild signs or no symptoms can be detected. However, each form of the virus can cause more severe symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms of Hepatitis:

  • Fatigue
  • Sudden nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark urine
  • Joint pain
  • Intense itching
  • Change in skin colour - yellowish (jaundice)
  • Diarrhoea

Since most of the symptoms can lead to confusion at times, how will you ever know that you have hepatitis? If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is only advisable to seek immediate medical care.

How to Diagnosis Hepatitis?

Hepatitis A, B, and C are usually diagnosed by your symptoms, followed by a physical exam and blood tests. Sometimes imaging studies such as a sonogram, CT scan, and a liver biopsy are used. Keeping into consideration the requirement and convenience, we came up with a marker for primary screening for Hepatitis B infection called MERISCREEN HbsAg to detect Hepatitis B , you can get results in 20 minutes and Tredro HCV a 3 dot rapid test device with flow through technology for detection of Anti HCV.

MERISCREEN HbsAg to detect Hepatitis B

Of the five different types of hepatitis, some viruses spread through tainted food or water, while type B travels through blood and body fluids, and type C through blood alone. In multiple cases, the liver can fight the disease on its own; however, some can turn into chronic infections with prolonged health consequences. Reliable and effective vaccines are available to prevent hepatitis B. This vaccine also prevents the spread of hepatitis D and given at birth greatly reduces transmission danger from mother to child. A vaccine also exists to prevent infections of hepatitis E, although it is not currently widely available.

There is no vaccine for hepatitis C currently; antiviral medicines can cure more than 95% of people. An effective vaccine is available to prevent hepatitis A. In most of the cases, infections are mild, with the majority of people recovering fully and improving immunity to further infection.

Read More About: Meril Diagnostic Kits